Saturday, October 20, 2018

More wind more rain

More high winds and periods of rain are nothing new in recent forecasts, and typical for this time of year. The harbour was a little lumpy this morning as the pilot boat Scotia Pilot returned from the station off Chebucto Head. It had just embarked a pilot for the APL Houston and was returning to base for another pilot. 

Before the rain started in earnest APL Houston arrived on the CMA / CGM JAX service. The 109,712 grt, 108,000 dwt ship, built in 2014 by Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Co Ltd in  Okpo  has a container capacity of 9500 TEU. Although not over the 10,000 TEU capacity that the port seeks to have established as the threshold for large ships, this one is big enough. Its very high sides and towering deck load make it very much subject to windage and requires careful handling.

The tug Atlantic Fir squares up at the bow and the Atlantic Bear on the stern are both braking and  starting to turn the ship. The busy pilot boat, with lots of wind driven spray, heads out to meeet the next ship.

It required three tugs to come alongside at Halterm, including Atlantic Bear, the largest of the tugs based in Halifax.

Amongst the other arrivals and departures today there are a couple of in harbour moves. One is a bit unusual. The tanker Ardmore Encounter will be moving from Irving Oil to Imperial Oil.

Ardmore Encounter has discharged a partial load at Irving Oil.

It is rare to see a ship with a split load, but again this may be due to Irving Oil's troubles after a fire at its refinery. Built in 2014 by STX Offshore + Shipbuilding in Jinhae, the ship was originally named Front Clyde for Frontline Tankers. Current owners, a single ship company, acquired the ship in 2016 and renamed it in line with the fleet operated by Anglo Ardmore Ship Management. A Medium Range 2 handysize tanker of 29,993 grt, 49,478 dwt, its last port of call was Beaumont, TX.

East Coast appears to be fully loaded.

Waiting at anchor, Irving Oil's tanker East Coast will move alongside immediately after the Woodside berth is clear. A Mid Range 1 tanker of 23,356 grt, 37,515 dwt, it was built by Hyundai Mipo Dockyard in Ulsan as Nor'Easter for long term charter to Irving Oil under the Marshall Islands flag. In 2014 it was brought under Canadian flag and renamed. Owners, associated with Vroon / Iver Ships of the Netherlands assigned other ships to the Irving work between Saint John and US east coast ports, but without renaming them or giving them Irving Oil colours.
As with the three other ships in the Irving fleet, it was fitted with an exhaust gas scrubber system in 2015.


Friday, October 19, 2018

Atlantic Sea - problems

Atlantic Container Line is still having trouble with its new China built ConRos. The latest to encounter a problem is Atlantic Sea, the third in the series of five, and completed in 2016 by Hudong-Zhenghua in Shanghai.

Despite being sponsored by Princess Anne in Liverpool the ship has been troubled with mechanical issues. On Christmas Eve 2016 it was held overnight in Bedford Basin and its March 26, 2017 sailing from Halifax was delayed. It also lost an anchor sometime in 2016. The only good luckk it has had was on October 5, 2017. Despite being in an unscheduled drydocking at Blohm + Voss in Hamburg, it was not struck by a shipyard crane that toppled over in high winds and narrowly missed the ship.

Atlantic Sea peaks out from the east berth at Fairview Cove, idled by some unidentified problem.

The latest misfortune has held the ship in port in Halifax since Monday, with no departure time scheduled yet. Losing that many days on the tightly run transatlantic schedule must be resulting in a lot of hair loss for someone.

Probably unrelated, but ACL has announced that it will concentrate its office functions in Virginia Beach and close its Halifax office, with a  loss of 15 jobs. Cost cutting is all the rage these days in the shipping world, where competition is intense. ACL is now a part of the Grimaldi Group, but began calling Halifax in 1969. Then it was the joint venture of several prominent shipping companies - some of which are now only memories: Wallenius Lines, Swedish American Line, Rederi AB Transatlantic and Holland America (in 1965) joined by Cunard and Cie Generale Transatlantique in 1967. 


Tuesday, October 16, 2018

Melfi's revolving door

Melfi Marine, a company that trades between Europe, Halifax and Cuba, has chartered many ships for short, medium and long terms over the years. Each time a new one comes along it seems to be bigger than the last and so it is with Julius-S. which arrived today on its second trip. (I missed the first on August 27.)
Julius-S. at pier 42 using one shoreside crane to finish off loading.

Now flying the Antigua and Barbuda flag, it is owned by the Rudolf Schlepers GmbH + Co KG and was built in 2004 by Volkswerft, Stralsund. The 25,672 grt, 33,742 dwt ship has a capacity of 2474 TEU, including 420 reefers and is equipped with three 45 tonne cranes.

The ship began life as CMA CGM Brasilia for Navigare Gmbh+Co but was immediately acquired by Schlepers and renamed Julius S. That name was reconfigured with the addition of a hyphen in 2010. It was reflagged from Germany in 2014. 

Prior to its stint with Melfi it worked for Maersk's WAF1 running from Tanger and Algeciras to the West African ports of Pointe Noire, Libreville, Cotonou, Takoradi and Nouakchott.


Silver Wind - lives up to its name - supplemented

The cruise ship Silver Wind brought high winds to Halifax today. In fact the wind picked up last night, hastening the arrival of the Serenade of the Seas which came in around mid-night and tied up immediately to avoid conditions out at sea. Silver Wind arrived at its scheduled time but used two tugs to get alongside pier 23.

Silver Wind at pier 23, with the Serenade of the Seas at pier 22 in the background.
Connors Diving's work boat and drill barge in the foreground are not working due to the wind. *
Note Silver Wind even used its anchor to slow its speed as it came in, even though it had two tugs.

The ship was built back in 1993 and has the streamlined Italian look of the time. Builders were Visentini, Porto Viro, a yard that normally builds ferries and smaller ships. Silver Wind has been cited as one of the most luxurious ships afloat. Its 294 (or 296) passengers are hosted by 222 crew. Current grt is listed as 17,400, up from 16,927 when built.

All has not been smooth sailing for the ship recently. In March 2018 it initially failed a rigorous US Public Health inspection, but was cleared after it was sanitized and Silver Seas cruises promised to re-educate crew on sanitary practices.

On October 12 of this year the ship had an escort tug when it sailed from Montreal to Quebec City. There were concerns about the reliability of its steering and the Océan Arctique followed close behind the ship for most of the way.

Although the ship underwent a major refurb in December 2016, it seems to have been largely cosmetic. There were also complaints a few years ago about the anchor slamming in high seas. The noise in some cabins, including crew quarters, was very loud and disconcerting to many passengers.

I am not sure if this may not be the ship's first call in Halifax. I do not recall seeing it before, but it is not listed as one of the inaugural calls on the Cruise Halifax website. Fleet mate Silver Whisper has been here many times since it was built in 2000, but its sister ship Silver Shadow has not.

High winds and steep seas may have been the reason for two cruise ship cancellations in the past week. Pearl Mist skipped its call September 13 and Victory II skipped October 10. Both are small ships and likely sought shelter for the comfort of passengers.

* Connors work boat and the drill scow had a bit of a rough ride at times late yesterday afternoon when they returned from a coring operation in Dartmouth.

This afternoon when it was time to sail, the wind had died down almost completely, but the ship called for two tugs. They assisted the ship to back out from pier 23.


Once out in the stream the tugs let go and the ship appeared to turn on its own without difficulty. It set out smartly for sea and looked handsome despite the dying sun.


Monday, October 15, 2018

Miraculous Ace

The autocarrier Miraculous Ace made a normal visit today, unlike its last appearance in March. On that call, the ship had to undergo an Asian Gypsy Moth inspection before docking at Autoport. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency carried out the inspection at an anchorage in Bedford Basin, which gave the rare glimpse of an autocarrier transiting the Narrows. See:

Today's view shows the starboard only side ramp, and also the three tug markings on the flat of the hull.


Sunday, October 14, 2018

Up close

Ship watchers had another rare treat in Halifax today as the container ship YM Enlightenment entered the harbour and sailed up west of George's Island heading for Bedford Basin. The reason for going west instead of east of the island was that the bulk carrier Marsden Point was leaving port at the same time and YM Enlightenement's pilot decided to give the outbound ship a wide berth. [See yesterday's post for info on the Marsden Point with an update made today.]

The water is actually deeper east of George's Islands, but it is narrower there, especially when there are cruise ships tied up at pier 20 (Norwegian Dawn) and 21 (Norwegian Gem).

It took an 18mm wide angle equivalent lens to get the whole ship in.

The tug Atlantic Oak was the tethered escort with a line up to the ship's stern, and Atlantic Willow came along to accompany the ship through the Narrows. 

YM Enlightenment serves THE Alliance's AL1 service. A 47,952 grt, 56,500 dwt ship with a capacity of 4662 TEU it was built in 2015 by China Shipbuilding Corp in Kaohsiung (Taiwan).

The new  Ocean Network Express (ONE) containers are gradually becoming more common.

Repainting and perhaps even renaming the ships will be a much longer process as MOL, K-Line and NYK  blend their container operations. Old containers will likely not be repainted and so will be around for many years to come.


Saturday, October 13, 2018

Saturday activity - Updated

The port was unusually busy for a short spell this morning with arrivals and a departures - some before sunup such as the container ship APL Santiago and the cruise ships Adventure of the Seas and Viking Star.

After sunrise there was a departure that had been anticipated for several days, but in view of Hurricane Michael's proximity, they were likely wise to stay in port. USS Hué City CG-66 arrived October 4 from exercises  off Nova Scotia. It is a Ticonderoga class guided missile cruiser based in Mayport, FL. Several Canadian naval vessels returned to port at about the same time, including the submarine HMCS Windsor.

The pilot boat is alongside to disembark the pilot off Portuguese Cove.

While alongside navy Jetty Charlie, one of the ship's helicopters was rolled out for work. The ship can carry two of the Sikorsky Seahawks adapted for naval use with a folding tail. Hué City was commissioned in 1991.

As Hué City was disembarking its pilot, the container ship Alexandra was inbound for THE Alliance's EC5 service.

The pilot is already aboard as Alexandra passes Portuguese Cove.
 The 71,021 grt, 80,274 dwt ship has a capacity of 6900 TEU (including 800 reefers) and dates from 2013 when it was built by Hyundai, Samho. It carried the name Safmarine Boland from 2014 to 2016.

It was a mid-morning arrival for Seabourn Quest. The ship left Bar Harbour late last evening and was able to maintain a pretty steady 15 to 16 knots on the trip. Sea conditions were still a bit boisterous over night as the remains of the hurricane passed to the south of us.  Built in 2011 by T. Marrioti in Genoa it is a yacht-like vessel of 32,348 grt and a passenger capacity of 450. In September it had an air lock in its cooling system, resulting in an overheated port engine. It had to anchor in the St.Lawrence River for time until the problem could be rectified.

Another arrival is worthy of note. The bulk carrier Marsden Point arrived from Churchill, MB. Now that the federal government has agreed to buy and spend $117 mn to repair the Hudson Bay Railway and the port operation, a cargo of wheat has been released after three years in limbo. The wheat, belonging to the Providence Grain Group of Fort Saskatchewan, AB, arrived in Churchill by rail in 2015. When the port operators shut down the operation in 2016 the wheat was stranded. During that time a certain amount of it had deteriorated, and the remainder was likely to be spoiled if it was not shipped out by the end of this year.

Since no Canadian ship was available, Providence hired Marsden Point to carry the grain to a southern Canadian port. A foreign sale was not possible as the condition of the grain could not be determined fully until it was unloaded. According to Providence's Coasting Trade Licence application for Marsden Point, the plan was to ship the grain to Port Cartier, Baie Comeau, Sorel, Quebec City or Montreal. My opinion is that those elevators were fully booked, and since Halifax has a huge elevator that is well below capacity the grain may be off loaded here. The Halifax elevator is also not owned or operated by one of the large grain buyers and is thus not a competitor of Providence.

Update: The grain must have been of acceptable quality to be sold abroad. When the ship sailed on Sunday afternoon, its destination was given as Vercruz, Mexico.  In Providence's coasting license applicaiton they stated that a sale to Mexico had fallen through.

Marsden Point is a 21,185 grt, 35,107 dwt bulker, built in 2002 by Shin Kurushima, Onishi, Japan as Green Hope. In 2014 it acquired its current name and is operated by Pacific Basin Shipping Hong Kong Ltd.The ship carries four 30 tonne cranes and grabs.

As a footnote, this is only the second grain cargo ever to be received in Halifax from Churchill. The first was delivered for Dover Mills (now P+H Milling) and was the first domestic grain cargo ever shipped from Churchill since it opened for business in 1929.

The load was delivered September 30, 2007 by the now notorious Kathryn Spirit. That is the ship that was finally broken up this year at taxpayer expense (estimated at $11.5 mn) in Beauharnois, QC. Permission to scrap the ship in that location was denied in 2011 and when a sale to Mexico fell through the ship became a threat to sink. The government paid a huge sum to stabilize the ship then hired the original scrapper to break it up anyway.

 Kathryn Spirit as it appeared in 2016 with Groupe Océan's blue stabilizing barge alongside.
Demolition was completed in September of this year.

Friday, October 12, 2018

New England for Irving

In an unusual move the tanker New England arrived today in Woodside from Saint John, NB.The 23,519 grt, 37,515 dwt ship usually runs from Saint John to US ports, and is flagged in the Marshall Islands, permitting international trade only. Built in 2005 by Hyundai Mipo, Ulsan, it is one of several sister ships on long term charter to Irving Oil. Four sister ships wear Irving Oil livery: Acadian and East Coast ex Nor'easter are Canadian flagged, Great Eastern and New England are foreign flag. Altough possibly owned by single ship companies, they all belong to the Vroon group of the Netherlands and are managed by their Iver Ships BV subsidiary. 

New England arriving in Halifax for the first time since 2006 by my records.

The ship appears to be loaded, so if it has cargo for Halifax, it must have received a special dispensation or very quickly transferred to Canadian registration.

I suspect that the ship's appearance here is related to Monday's fire at the Irving Oil refinery in Saint John, that disrupted normal production. Irving Oil spokespersons indicated that they had product in storage and other sources for fuel, so shortages are not anticipated.
If there is an extended shut down of all or part of the refinery, they will have to bring more refined products in from elsewhere, but that may take time. In the meantime they may be re-distributing stored product to meet demand.


Thursday, October 11, 2018


ZIM Integrated Shipping Services Ltd has re-jigged their ZCA Mediterranean - North America weekly service with some different ships and different ports. Effective September 1 such familiar ships as ZIM Alabama and ZIM Texas were removed from the rotation and transferred to other ZIM routes.

The ships that remain on the rotation are ZIM Tarragona, ZIM QingdaoZIM Luanda. ZIM Constanza, and today's caller ZIM Monaco.

A 40,030 grt, 50,829 dwt ship with a capacity of 4253 TEU, it was built in 2009 by Samsung, Koje.

Two "new to Halifax" ships have joined the rotation, ZIM Yokohama made its first call September 26 and ZIM Shekou will bypass several ports and will not call in Halifax on the regular day of October 17.
Both ships were built by Dalian New Shipbuilding in Dalian, China in 2007 and are 41,482 grt, 52,000 dwt with a capacity of 4250 TEU.

In December this ZCA service will include THE Alliance's AL7 services, which until now has been run separately. The new port rotation will be Mersin, Ashdod, Haifa, Izmr/Aliaga, Piraeus, (Livorno will be dropped), Barcelona, Valencia, Algciras (added), Halifax, New York, Norfolk, Savannah, Valencia, Tarragona, Mersin.

Tuesday, October 9, 2018

Anthem of the Sea - unscheduled arrival

It was wall to wall cruise ships today as five ships visited Halifax at the same time. The fourth arrival, AIDAdiva tied up at pier 33-34, displacing the bunkering tanker Algoma Dartmouth from its usual roost at pier 34. It went off and bunkered Norwegian Dawn at pier 20 and on completion returned to pier 27 instead. Norwegian Jade used pier 31 and Seabourn Quest fitted in nicely at pier 23.
The final arrival (in more ways than one) was the very big Anthem of the Seas. It initially tied up at pier 22 after an 0945 hrs arrival at the pilot station.

Anthem of the Seas then sailed at 1930, but not long after clearing the pilot station it turned and headed back in. AIDAviva was astern and continued outbound - with the unusual situation of two cruise ships meeting. After boarding a new pilot at about 22330 hrs, Anthem of the Seas proceeded inbound and tied up at pier 22 for just long enough to disembark a guest. It called for clearance at 2355, and headed for Saint John, NB with no change in its ETA.

Normally a cruise ship would return to port only in the case of a medical emergency.

 Anthem of the Seas was delivered in 2015 by Meyerwerft, Papenburg, and at 168,666 grt, it is the largest ship ever to cruise Canadian waters. Its quoted passenger capacity is 4180, based on double occupancy.


Sunday, October 7, 2018

LR1 tanker - more than meets the eye

Tankers come in all sizes, but the ones we usually see in Halifax are Handysize or Mid-Range chemical / product tankers in the 15,000 to 55,000 dwt size. Today however a LR1, arrived for bunkers. A Long Range 1 tanker measures between 55,000 and 79,999 dwt. There are also LR2 tankers which come in at 80,000 to 120,000 dwt.

Typically tankers of this type are employed in long voyages, since the cost of carrying cargo is less per tonne using larger ships. They are fitted to carry petroleum products and the tanks are epoxy coated to permit easy cleaning between cargoes. They carry petroleum products, as opposed to crude oil. Unlike chemical tankers, that can carry many different types of cargo, this ship can carry a maximum of three different cargoes. Although there is nothing visible from a distance, it is fitted with devices to enable it to load over the bow at offshore, single point moorings.

According to AIS today's arrival is coming from Fujairah, UAE and headed for the St.Lawrence River - certainly a fairly long trip.

At anchorage number one at sunrise with Algoma Dartmouth alongside.

The ship carries an unusual name, FPMC P Eagle. The unique naming system is that of the Formosa Plastics Maritime Corp, a division of the Formosa Plastics Corp, hence "FPMC". It has a large fleet of tankers and some bulk carriers. Their MR product carriers are numbered (e.g. FPMC 25, which was here in  2015.) The LR tankers have the letter "P" - designating "Product", inserted after the FPMC.

 Bunkering completed, the ship begins to weigh anchor in a light drizzle.

FPMC was established to carry the company's own cargoes when they found discriminatory rates applied due to Taiwan's isolation by some countries. Now well established with 37 ships and six more MRs on order, they also participate in charter work for other shippers.

FPMC P Eagle was built in  2009 by STX Shipbuilding Co in Jinhae, South Korea, and measures 42,340 grt, 74,863 dwt. Despite Taiwan ownership, the ship is flagged in Liberia and has multi-national officers and crew managed from Singapore. The ship is on a time charter to Hafnia Tankers of Denmark and operates in their LR1 Pool of about 60 ships, called Straits Tankers, run from Singapore.


Katmai Bay

The United States Coast Guard cutter Katmai Bay got away this morning heading back to the Great Lakes. The veteran 140 foot class icebreaker has spent the last year off lakes undergoing a service life extension in Baltimore.

The USCG operates nine of these small vessels for use on the Great Lakes, the Hudson River and other east coast locations. They are powered by a pair of 1250 bhp Fairbanks Morse engines driving a single electric motor delivering 2500 shp to a single screw. They are also equipped with a bubbler system that creates a film of air around the hull to reduce ice adhesion.

Built in 1979 by Tacoma Boat in Washington state, Katmai Bay is the lead ship of the class, bearing pennant WTGB-101, and is based in Sault Ste.Marie, Michigan. In April 2017 the boat left the Lakes for its refit. That work must have been extensive, since the boat looks almost new.

Several of this class of boat have stopped in Halifax over the years coming and going from the lakes.


Saturday, October 6, 2018

Moderation in all things

YM Moderation sailed from Fairview Cove - in daylight, unlike most ships from now on to fall and winter.

Yang Ming's three M class ships help to maintain THE Alliance's 11 ship EC5 rotation. Sister ship YM Modesty was in yesterday on the westbound leg, headed for New York, and YMovement sailed eastbound September 30 and is off Algeria en route to Suez.
YM Moderation was built in 2014 by Koyo Dockyard, Mihara. The 71,821 grt, 72,700 dwt vessel has a capacity of 6250 TEU. A few of those are the new ONE boxes, in their distinctive colours.

I noticed today that some of these are 45 footers.


Friday, October 5, 2018

Flags of many nations - Part 2

More flags to be seen or implied from my second peak at the harbour today. With three cruise ships sailing at about the same time, just as the sun was sinking, it was a good time for a look see.

First off was Celebrity Summit, registered in Valetta, Malta. Built in 2001 as GTS Summit and renamed in 2008, the ship was here first in 2010, and has been here yearly ever since.

Heading out from pier 31 Celebrity Summit does a bit of "vaping" as it makes its turn to sea.

Following closely behind was the Norwegian Viking Sea. Long shadows from landside structures gave the ship a mottled appearance.

Nevertheless Oceanex Sanderling was able to fall in behind Celebrity Summit before Viking Sea came up, also allowing a sailer to scoot across the channel.

The prime attraction for waterfront gazers was the departure of Queen Mary 2 - a ship that draws crowds whenever it calls.

  Barely off the dock, QM2 hugs the Halifax shore so as the make its turn around George's Island in one move. The ship doesn't make tight turns like the more agile cruise ships.

Queen Mary 2 was also flying a seldom seen flag these days. The Blue Ensign is flown by British ships that are in command of  a Royal Navy Reserve officer. Once more common, the Blue Ensign was a sign of prestige for the ship, and the shipping company. Aside from suspension of the privilege during war time,  it has been in use for centuries, and was of encouraging ship's officers to join the RNR.

 The ship was also flying the Cunard house flag with is crown and rampant lion, and the Canadian flag as a courtesy (although its proportions look a bit irregular).

Speaking of irregular, In addition to saluting the Viking Sea when it sailed, QM2 appeared to salute the Harbour Hopper 3 as they passed. A great whoop went up from passengers on the ship when HH3 began to flash its lights, and almost immediately QM2 sounded three deep blasts. Go figure.


Flags of many nations - part 1

On any given day the flags of many nations can be seen in Halifax harbour. Usually many of those are so called flags of convenience. Ship owners may register their ships in those nations even if they are not residents, and may have taxation or regulatory regimes that are more favourable than their countries of origin.
Today however there were three flags in evidence, and a fourth was implied, as I caught a glimpse of part of the harbour.

In the foreground the USCG Katmai Bay was taking on fuel at the Tall Ship's quay, and of course was flying the flag of the United States (just above the fuel truck) and that of Canada as a courtesy.  It was also displaying a red flag indicating flammable material was being handled.

Adjacent at pier 20 the Viking Sea was flying the flag of Norway, and displaying its home port of Bergen on the stern. (Norway has an offshore register of its own, which allows shipowners to engage non-Norwegian crew and provides other incentives.)

The prime reason for my glimpse was the arrival of a French navy submarine, which was just rounding Ives Knoll buoy on its way to Shearwater. It did not appear to flying a flag of any sort, but that is not unusual as subs have very limited "mast space" for flags. The sub is one of six in the Rubis class of nuclear attack submarines in the French navy.

Nuclear submarines are usually kept fairly far away from prying eyes, and from centres of population, so they tie up at Shearwater. This is the first French sub to visit Halifax in my recollection.


Tuesday, October 2, 2018

Bulker in Ballast for Bunkers

The Japanese owned bulker Coral Queen anchored in the harbour today for bunkers. Not that I have anything against the bunkering tanker Algoma Dartmouth, but it is nice for once to have it on the opposite side of the ship! Due to the wind and tidal conditions, the ship's bow faced east, and Algoma Dartmouth was not visible as it made up on the ship's port side.

Coral Queen is a basic, industrial grade bulker, built in 2012 by Mitsui Engineering and Shipbuilding's Tamano Works, in Tamano, Japan. The 31,756 grt, 56,174 dwt ship is fitted with four cranes equipped with grab buckets. Owner Takanawa Line Inc named Toyo Kaiun Co Ltd as managers, and registered the ship in Panama.

The ship's last port was Bécancour, QC, where it unloaded a cargo of Egyptian salt. [Olin Canada ULC 's Bécancour plant makes a variety of chemicals from the electroysis of brine.]

Coral Queen gave Bston, MA as next port when it sailed this evening.

Monday, October 1, 2018

Saga Sapphire ex Europa - good from any angle - and a bonus

As Saga Sapphire sailed early this afternoon [see also yesterday's post], it backed out into the stream from pier 23 and turned off the pier. It was a chance to see the ship from several different angles, and remark that it always looks good.

The ship's stern configuration has been modified - I believe during the 2011-2012 refit at Fincantieri - by building out "blisters" that are not really all that noticeable. Stern blisters improve the ship's stability, usually at the expense of appearance.

 The stern blister appears to have been banged up a few times.

Although it does not show well in this night shot, as built Europa had a more rounded cutaway stern.
 (Europa often stayed in port over night, as did Saga Sapphire.)


Another ship that looked good from any angle was HMY Britannia. By coincidence it was in Halifax shortly before the night shot of the Europa, and with the negative only two frames away, I had to scan it too.

Laid down by John Brown  Co in 1952, launched in 1953 and commissioned in 1954 it served HM The Queen and family until it was finally decommissioned in 1997. It has been preserved in Leith, Scotland and is one of Edinburgh's most popular attractions. No wonder.